Deliverance: Passover- The Four Cups - David Mitts
The Spring feasts of the Lord begin the cycle of the Lord’s covenant love affair with His people. These times, mo-edim, are divine appointments that celebrate the chesed, or the loving-kindness of the Lord for His people. The symbolic act of celebration is the drinking of wine which represents the joy of love.
“Go then, eat your bread in happiness, and drink your wine with a cheerful heart; for God has already approved your works.” (Ecclesiastes 9:7)
Wine is used in a celebration of a victory!
““And I will strengthen the house of Judah, And I will save the house of Joseph, And I will bring them back, Because I have had compassion on them; And they will be as though I had not rejected them, For I am the LORD their God and I will answer them. “Ephraim will be like a warrior, and their heart will be joyful as if from wine; Indeed, their children will see it and be joyful, their heart will rejoice in the LORD.” (Zechariah 10:6-7)
Passover is the Feast that remembers the Lord’s deliverance of Israel from Egyptian bondage and is fulfilled in Yeshua, as the Passover Lamb delivering us from that same bondage to the systems of the world.
“The next day he *saw Jesus coming to him, and *said, “Behold, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!” (John 1:29)
During the Passover Seder, four cups of wine are drunken and I want to look at the message of deliverance as a template for our walk as Believers that was prefigured in the deliverance from Egypt.
“Therefore say to the children of Israel: 'I am the LORD; I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, I will rescue you from their bondage, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments. I will take you as My people, and I will be your God. Then you shall know that I am the LORD your God who brings you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.” (Exodus 6:6-7)
First cup: The “bring you out from under the burden” cup.
- Two key Hebrew word roots
- Yatzah- To exit
- Saval- Suffering, patience
- God exited Israel from the burdens or the sufferings of Egypt. Egypt represents the kingdom of the world that has forgotten the Joseph anointing that is the reason for their prosperity and has decided that the source of that blessing needs to be oppressed.
- Today, we see the same phenomenon at play in our world. The world has forgotten that the blessing comes from the Lord and His anointed. The world has convinced itself that it is man and technology that has produced a good society. The necessary morality and people treating people correctly has been traded centralized controls and technology chains of slavery. What we think has made life easier through social media and public policies has generated a censorship and oppression the likes of which is of unprecedented proportions.
- The good news in all of this is that while we live in his present darkness, we are not of it. God has delivered us out of the kingdom of darkness into His light.
- “for you were once darkness, but now you are light in the Lord; walk as children of light” (Ephesians 5:8)
- So we celebrate with first cup our exit from the burdens of this world as Israel was brought out from the burdens, the suffering of Egypt.
Cup 2: The Cup of Rescue/Deliverance- I will rescue you from their bondage
- The Hebrew words are:
- Natzal- to snatch away, to plunder, to deliver, rescue
- Avad- Works, bondage to performance
- Rescue. God is the ultimate stealth rescue agent from a system of works, performance-based bondage. This system is labelled by Yeshua as mammon. In Egypt it was the slavery of performance under the yoke of the taskmasters. This is the bondage of a system that determines what the measurements of success are.
- In ancient Egypt, they controlled Israel through the tasks they set. At one point they even removed the straw necessary to succeed at making the bricks.
- “So the taskmasters of the people and their foremen went out and spoke to the people, saying, “This is what Pharaoh says: ‘I am not going to give you any straw. ‘You go, get straw for yourselves wherever you can find it; but none of your labor will be reduced.’” So the people scattered through all the land of Egypt to gather stubble for straw. And the taskmasters pressed them, saying, “Complete your work quota, your daily amount, just as when you had straw.”” (Exodus 5:10-13)
- Today’s straw looks like vaccine passports, masks, shots, shut downs, price increases, supply shortages and the pressures to conform. Performance determines worth in this system as in ancient Egypt.
- To God, this is answered by His speaking of our worth regardless of what the Pharaoh’s of today declare:
- “More than that, I count all things to be loss in view of the surpassing value of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and count them mere rubbish, so that I may gain Christ,” (Philippians 3:8)
- Let’s celebrate our worth with the second cup!
Cup 3: The Cup of Redemption: and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great judgments.
- Hebrew Words:
- Gal: Redeemer, Roll away reproach
- Zarah Nat: Arm or Power Stretched Out
- Mishpat Gadal, Judgments with great importance.
- Redemption is a statement of love. God loved Israel so much that He judged Egypt with great judgments that reached into Egypt and rolled away the shame and reproach of slavery. These are the plagues that come to those who oppress God’s beloved. The greatest of these was the slaying of the first-born.
- Revelations chapter 16 tells of the bowls of wrath that are coming upon those who persecute God’s beloved. In the middle of the chapter in the defining verse:
- “And I heard the angel of the waters saying: "You are righteous, O Lord, The One who is and who was and who is to be, Because You have judged these things. For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, And You have given them blood to drink. For it is their just due."” (Revelation 16:5-6)
- As the days darken, we can celebrate with the third cup because we know that our redemption is secure
- “Now when these things begin to happen, look up and lift up your heads, because your redemption draws near."” (Luke 21:28)
Cup 4: The cup of betrothal, being taken: I will take you as My people, and I will be your God
- Hebrew Words:
- Lakach- to be literally taken, to take by the hand, the marriage ceremony, who takes this woman?
- Hayah Elohim- Eternal be your God.
- God declares that He takes us by His hand and receives us as His eternal bride. This is depth of covenant ownership that is total and one of identity. He gives us a new name, His name and He takes us into His eternal dwelling place.
- “"He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes I will give some of the hidden manna to eat. And I will give him a white stone, and on the stone a new name written which no one knows except him who receives it." '” (Revelation 2:17)
- “He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of My God, and he shall go out no more. I will write on him the name of My God and the name of the city of My God, the New Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from My God. And I will write on him My new name.” (Revelation 3:12)
- Israel had the destiny of the Land of Promise
- “And I will bring you into the land which I swore to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; and I will give it to you as a heritage: I am the LORD.' "” (Exodus 6:8)
- Our destiny is the entire earth, the new heaven and earth.
- Let’s drink the fourth cup to celebrate the marriage of our lives to Him.
- “Then he said to me, "Write: 'Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb!' " And he said to me, "These are the true sayings of God."” (Revelation 19:9)
Activation: This week as you celebrate the Lord’s Passover and the victory of our resurrected Lord, give thanks and joyfully mediate on the gratitude you experience for the fourfold experience of God’s Passover in your life! Maybe journal how the Lord has manifested in each of these 4 areas: coming out released, being rescued, redemption, and rejoicing as the bride.